Salvia verticillata L.

2716 (18). S. verticillata L., Sp. Pl., ed. 1 (1753) 26; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., II (1929) 301; Hedge, Fl. Eur., III (1972) 192; Exs.: Pl. Bulg. Exsicc. No 871 —Прешленеста какула 

Fam:   Labiatae Juss. (Lamiaceae)
Genus:   Salvia L.
Species: Salvia verticillata L.
English Name: Lilac sage or Whorled clary


Perennial plant. Stem 30 - 70 (-80) cm high, simple or often from the base branched, upright or upward with scattered or dense, short, simple hairs. The leaves are entire, 25 - 130 mm long and 20 - 100 mm wide, protruding to ovate or lyre-similar with 1 - 2 pairs of basal, unequal little shares, at the base rounded to heartbeat, on the tops rounded to obliquely pointed, entire to uneven finely jagged, wrinkled, above with short or long simple hairs and abundant point glands, bellow whitish; petioles 10 - 90 mm long, with more or less abundant simple hairs; the uppermost leaves are seated. Bracts lance to ovate, seated, tapered, on both sides bare, on the edge grooves, brown or infused violet, dropping. Vertebrates with (8-) 16 – 30 blossoms, 4 - 10 in number, spaced; the axis with more or less dense hair. Blossom petioles 2 - 8 (-10) mm long, with dense, protruding, simple hairs, without bracts. The calyx is 4 - 7 mm long, trumpet with protruding long simple hairs mainly on the veins and dotted glands between the veins; the upper lip with short teeth, sometimes the middle tooth shorter than the lateral, the fetus almost straight; the lower one with long triangular pointed teeth longer than the upper one; all spiky teeth. Corolla 8 - 15 mm long, purple blue; the upper lip straight, narrowed at the base with short simple hairs, incised, shorter or equally long with the lower one; the latter with two elongated side edges, the middle part elliptic, deeply incised, with two ovate rhombic partitions; the style just longer than the calyx, straight, inside with a horn (V-obvious). The stamens are only longer than the upper lip or shorter, hidden in it, uncoupled in the connection of the stamen petiole with the anther link; shoulders unequal; handles shorter than anchorages; the lower anther bag styliform, sterile. The style longer than the upper lip. Nuts about 2.5 mm long and 1.3 mm wide, round elliptical, light to dark brown, smooth.

Note. S. verticillata is a polymorphic species in which the variability is most pronounced in terms of the degree of emplacement and the shape of the leaflet, which however can be found on the same plant and does not yield grounds for taxonomic decisions.

From:   „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989)

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Salvia verticillata, the lilac sage[1] or whorled clary, is a herbaceous perennial native to a wide area ranging from central Europe to western Asia, and naturalized in northern Europe and North America. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.[2]
Salvia verticillata has a leafy base of mid-green leaves covered with hairs, putting up leaf-covered stems that carry 3 feet (0.91 m) inflorescences. The tiny lavender flowers grow tightly packed in whorls, with tiny lime-green and purple calyces. The specific epithet verticillata refers to the whorls that grow in verticils. A cultivar introduced in the 1990s, 'Purple Rain', is much more showy and long-blooming, growing about 2 feet (0.61 m) tall.[2]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII (-X).

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on rocky places and shrubs, along roads and in bumpy places in the plains, foothills and mountains. Widespread, from sea level to 1,800 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Southern, Eastern and Central (partly) Europe, Southwestern Asia, Caucasus. Introduced and grown in many places in Northern Europe and North America.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: yes, it is - Medicinal Plants Act -

References: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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