Stellaria holostea L.

Stellaria holostea L.,Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 422; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1924) 215; S. holostea var. orientalis Vel., FL Bulg. Suppl. I (1898) 52; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. I, 1 (1924) 407 — Едроцветна звездица

Fam:   Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus:   Stellaria L.
Species: Stellaria holostea L.
English Name: Greater stitchwort or Addersmeat


Perennial plant with underground thin, long, creeping, branched stem, with short sterile and much longer floral shoots. The above-ground stem 15 - 35 (60) cm high, is rising slightly, with four sharp edge, delicate, simple, only the upper part branched, bare, smooth or rough, with rare solid, short hairs. Leaves lanceolate, linear lanceolate to linear, tapered towards the top long, 3 - 9 cm long and 0.5 - 1.3 cm wide, hard, gray green edge and midrib on the underside (sometimes the entire surface); rough with short rigid cilia; all leaves sessile. Inflorescence on top, loose, with many blossoms dihazium. Bracts entirely grass-like, ribbon, edge ciliates. Blossom handles fine, soft, straight, 2 - 5 cm long, with short hairs especially hard at the top, upper end curved downwards after overblown. Blossoms 20 - 30 mm diameter. Sepals 5, ovate lanceolate, acute, 7 - 10 mm in length, with white membranous peripheral edge, without clearly visible stripped naked or with rare short hairs. Petals 5, white, 2 times longer than sepals, cut to the middle. Stamens 10, rarely less, with yellow anthers. Ledges 3. The box spherical, nearly equal to the calyx or shorter, dissolved almost to the base of 6 parts. Seeds reddish brown, oval kidney, 1.5 - 2.5 mm long, on the surface with rounded papillae, arranged in concentric circles. Economic significance. Decorative and honey plant. Grazing of cattle, but there is evidence that it is toxic to horses.

From: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1967)

Stellaria holostea (greater stitchwort or addersmeat) is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant in the carnation family Caryoophyllaceae. Description
It can grow up to 60 cm in height, with leaves that are long, narrow (lanceolate) and fresh green.[1] The flowers are white, 20-30mm across and have five distinctive petals split to about halfway down.[1][2]
Stellaria holostea is native to Western and Central Europe, including the British Isles.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flowering Time: Blooms: (Ill) IV - VI (VII).

References: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1967), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: Plant grows in scrub and forests, in shady, rocky and stony places. Spread, from sea level to 2000 meters altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe, the Caucasus, Siberia, South West Asia, North Africa and North America (transferred).

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: - it is not -


1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9.

Stellaria holostea 1. Stellaria holostea 2. Stellaria holostea 3. Stellaria holostea 4. Stellaria holostea 5.

Stellaria holostea 6. Stellaria holostea 7. Stellaria holostea 8. Stellaria holostea 9.


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