Tamarix tetrandra Pall. ex. M.B.
2108 (2). T. tetrandra Pall. ex. M.B., Fl. Taur. Cauc. I (1808) 247; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 521; Baum, FI. Eur. II (1968) 293 — Четиритичинкова ракитовица
Fam: Tamaricaceae S. F. Gray
Genus: Tamarix L.
Species: Tamarix tetrandra Pall. ex. M.B.
English Name: Four-stamen tamarisk, Tamarix caspica
ħ - Ђ. Shrub or low tree up to 5 m high. Young twigs dark red, old dark brown. Leaves 3 - 5 mm long, scaly, entire, with a membranous edge, adjacent to the branches, successive, without stipules. Inflorescences located on the old (last year's) dark brown twigs; flowers very small, pink, bisexual, on petioles, shorter than the calyx; sepals 4 (5), 2.0 - 2.5 mm long, ovoid-oblong, with a transparent membranous edge; petals 4 (5), 2.5 - 3.5 mm long, elliptical, pink, fall off after flowering; stamens 4, rarely absent, filamentous, as long as the petals attached to a 4-part disc; ovary single-celled, styles 3 - 4. The fruit is a pyramidal box up to 3 - 4 mm long, cracking into 3 parts. Seeds back ovoid, glabrous, with a little awn on top and a kite of hairs.
Economic significance. It is used as a reinforcer on sandy terrains and as an ornamental plant.
From: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979)
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Tamarix tetrandra is a species of flowering plant in the family Tamaricaceae, native to south eastern Europe, Turkey, Bulgaria and Crimea. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall and broad, it is a small deciduous tree with almost black arching branches, and tiny scale-like leaves arranged along the branches. Racemes of pale pink flowers are produced in late spring.
The binomial Tamarix tetrandra means "four-stamen tamarisk".
This plant is particularly associated with temperate coastal areas, but can also be grown inland in a sunny position with protection from winter winds. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI, fruitful: VIII.
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on the sandy and stony places along the rivers and the Black Sea coast. Black Sea coast (Pomorie, Burgas), Struma valley (Petrich region), Thracian lowland (Vacha river valley), Tundzha hilly plain (Tundzha river valley), Rhodopes (Eastern - near the village of Odrintsi, Kardzhali region) . General distribution. Southeastern Europe (Balkan Peninsula: Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey - the European part; Crimea), Caucasus. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Southeastern Europe (Balkan Peninsula: Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey - the European part; Crimea), Caucasus.
Conservation status and threats:not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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