Trollius europaeus L.
1036. T. europaeus L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 556; Hayek, Prodr. Fl.Penins Balc. I (1924) 300 — Планински божур
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Trollius L.
Species: Trollius europaeus L.
English Name: Globeflower, Common Globeflower, European Globeflower
Perennial. Rhizome short, ехшсиер with a thick bundle of thick black-brown roots. Stems erect, 10 - 90 cm tall, usually unbranched, furrowed, naked. Leaves flat on the hand-similar cut in 3 - 5 wedge partitions, deeply cut and serrated; lower leaves with long petioles, above are narrower, more or less seated. All leaves dark green on top, bottom lighter. Petiole at the base expanded. The flowers are about 5 cm in diameter, globular, outerwear, single or less 2 – 3. Perianth leaflets usually 10 (5 - 15), rounded, highly curved, overlapping, lemon yellow, rarely outer greenish. Nectar pouch 5 - 15, narrow shpatula-like, with claw and nectar concavity in in the compound of the insert; claw long almost as long stamens. Follicles about 12 mm long, with styliform, right, 0.5 - 5 mm in length small nose, striated. The seeds 1.5 mm long, elliptical or oval, black, shiny.
Economic importance. Honey and ornamental plant. Particularly suitable for group planting in the park meadows.
¹ developed by M. Markova.
„Флора на НР България”, т. IV, БАН, София, (1970)
Placed in "Red Data book of PR Bulgaria", BAS, Sofia, Plants, Cmitee of enviroments, vol.I, Plants, (1984)
and not placed in
"Red Data Book of Republic of Bulgaria" - Electron Edition, Bulg. Acad. of Sci. & Ministry of Environment and Water, Sofia (2015) :
e - ecodb.bas.bg/rdb/en/vol1/texts2.html
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Trollius europaeus (globeflower) is a perennial plant of the family Ranunculaceae. The plant is native to Europe and Western Asia and is a protected species in Bulgaria.
Trollius europaeus grows up to 60 cm high with a bright yellow, globe-shaped flower up to 3 cm across. The colourful petaloid sepals hide 5–15 inconspicuous true petals with nectaries at their base and, typically for the family, a large number of stamens. Each flower produces a large number of wrinkled follicles. The leaves are deeply divided into 3–5 toothed lobes.
It grows in damp ground in shady areas, woodland and scrub, flowering between June and August. It is slightly poisonous and is purgative and rubefacient when used fresh.
This species is pollinated mostly by seed-eating flies belonging to the genus Chiastocheta (Anthomyiidae).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, т. IV, БАН, София, (1970)
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in the wet, stony and rocky meadows and swamps. Western and Central Stara Planina (Balkan mountain), Vitosha Region (Vitosha) West Frontier Mountains (Ossogovo), Pirin, Rila and Rhodopes mountains. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe north to 71 °, the Caucasus, North America, Siberia.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: - it is not - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
Scanned 6 x 6 cm color slides
Vitosha, Rila mountains
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