Tulipa urumoffii Heyek. 554 (2): T. urumoffii Hayek Verhandl. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien LXI (1911) 110; Hall The Genus Tulipa (1940)158; T. orientalis var. Urumovii Stoj. et Stef. Фл. на Бълг. изд. 1 (1924 - 1925) 240; T. hatigarica var. Urumovii Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 111(1933)69 — Урумово лале Fam: Liliaceae Hall.
Genus: Liliaceae Hall.
Species: Tulipa urumoffii Hayek.
English Name: Urumov’s tulip
Perennials. The bulb oval conical, to 2.5 cm in diameter. Wrapping flakes cinnamon brown, from the inner side to the base, and less toward the tip fibrous, more rarely entirely fibrous. The stem bare, 15 - 45 cm tall. Leaves 3, rarely 5 straight or curved, bluish green, his wavy edge, with short and rare cartilage teeth. Leaves shorter than flowering stalk gradually decrease to the top of the stem, the lower oblong lancet, pointed, 30 mm wide and 6 - 13 cm long, the upper linear lanceolate, 3 - 8 cm long and 3 - 6 mm wide. Perianth is bell-shaped conical, 2.5 - 6 cm in diameter. Perianth leaflets almost identical, elongated back ovate to lanceolate, 2.0 - 4.0 cm long and 0.5 - 1.8 cm wide, yellow, rarely red, spotless (very rare with less pronounced stain) Staminal handles yellow , 6 - 17 mm in length equal to or longer than anthers, the last yellow, 4 - 6 mm in length. Ovary 6 - 16 mm long, at the bottom extended (up to 2 mm) goal. Stigma widely. Box ovoid, up to 3 cm long and 2 cm wide, tapering to peak.
forma urumoffii; T. Urumoffii Hayek f. luiea Stoj. et Acht. Proceedings of the Royal Natural History Institutes IX (1936) 138. Blossoms yellow. Widespread.
forma rubra Stoj. et. Acht. 1. c. 138. Blossoms red. Golo Brdo (rarely)
forma glauca Kitan. in Addenda. Strong bluish green plant with very curly leaves. Sliven (area Kirechalan over Sotira village).
„Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964)
Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - V.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964)
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grows in the bushes and rocky places in Eastern Stara Planina (Balkan Mountain) - Preslav, Targovishte; Western Bulgaria - Golo Brdo Konyavska Mountain, Chepan; Varna region - Devnya; Burgas region – Kameno village; up to 1000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Bulgarian endemic
Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: - it is not - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
1993, Golo bardo mountain, Reserve (peak) "Ostritsa"
Scanned 6 x 6 cm color slides
Red Data Book of the Republic of Bulgaria
Tulipa urumoffii Hayek
Liliaceae – Lily family
Conservation status. Vulnerable [VU B2ab(ii,iv,v)]. IUCN (V), BDA. Bulgarian endemic.
Morphology and biology. Bulbous perennial. The bulb ovoid-conical, the tunic cinnamon brown, inner site puberulent. Stem hairless, 15–45 cm high. Leaves 3, rarely 5, bluish-green, repand at the edge, with short cartilaginous teeths, basal leaves oblong, cauline leaves linear-lanceolate, shorter than stem. Perianth bell-shaped, perianth segments nearly equal, obovate, yellow, rarely red, without a basal blotch. Filaments and anthers yellow. Fruit an oviform capsule. Fl. IV–V, fr. VI–VII. Reproduction by seeds and vegetative means.
Habitats and populations. Inhabit dry stony calcareous places. Occurs in grassy and disperse shrubby communities with limited number of localities. Forms fragmented populations with very good numerical strength.
Distribution in Bulgaria. NE Bulgaria, Balkan Range (eastern), Sofia region, Znepole region, Toundzha Hilly Country; from 100 to 1000 m alt.
General distribution. Bulgaria.
Threats. Degradation of the habitat by a stone-pit, picking and collecting of flowers and bulbs, grazing.
Conservation measures taken. Protected species according to the national Biodiversity Act. Some of the localities are in the territory of Sinite Kamani Nature Park, in the Patleyna Managed Nature Reserve (near the town of Preslav) and Ostritsa Managed Nature Reserve in Golo Bardo mountain, Urumovo Lale (Paydushko village, municipality Targoviste) and Div Rozhkov Protected Sites, Lalkoto Nature Monument, westwards from Venets village and the nature monument near Chernevo village, municipality Suvorovo. Some of the localities are within sites of the European ecological network Natura 2000 in Bulgaria
Conservation measures needed. Information campaign for conservation value of the species to limit picking and collecting of plants and bulbs, protection during the flowering period.
References. Kitanov 1964; Delipavlov 1984; Velchev 2006.
Authors: Dimitar Peev & Sonya Tsoneva
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