Veronica chamaedrys L.

2820 (13). V. chamaedrys L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 17; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. II (1929) 170; Walters et Webb, Fl. Eur. III  (1972) 246 p.p.; Exs.: Pl. Bulg. Exsicc. № 388 — Ниско великденче

Fam:   Scrophulariaceae Juss.
Genus:   Veronica L.
Species: Veronica chamaedrys L.
English Name: Germander speedwell, Bird’s eye speedwell or Cat’s eyes


Perennial plant. Rhizome skew. Stems erect, 25 - 50 cm high, single or branched from the base, with simple (0.8 - 1 mm long), grouped in two lines, with scattered between them many hairs thickening to the inflorescence. Leaves ovate to oblong-ovate, very rarely rhombic, with a broadly wedge-shaped, rarely rounded base; 1.5 - 3.5 cm long, 0.9 - 3.1 cm wide, sat down or with very short petioles, serrated with almost identical teeth, on both sides only simple (0.5 - 1 mm long) hairs; saturated green. Inflorescence loose 2 - 8 cm long cluster, strongly elongated during flowering; inflorescence axis covered with dense simple and single glandular (0.5 - 0.9 mm long) hairs. Bracts lance, 4 - 8 mm long, 1 - 2 mm wide, entire or with two or three teeth, with dense simple and single glandular hairs. Flower petioles 3 - 7 mm long, covered as well as the inflorescence axis, extending when the fruit ripens. Calyx shares 4, in single cases with an extremely reduced fifth share; lance to broadly lance; the small ones 3 - 7.5 mm long, 0.7 - 1.5 mm wide; large 5 - 8 mm long; 1 - 1.8 mm wide, covered with dense simple (0.2 - 0.5 mm long) and single glandular (0.5 - 0.8 mm long) hairs. Corolla 6 - 12 mm wide, light blue, often with darker veins, corolla shares bare. The stamens slightly exceed the corolla disc. The style is 4 - 6 mm long. The box is 2 - 3 mm long, 3 - 4.5 mm wide, back triangular to back heart-shaped, flattened, with simple (0.2 - 0.28 mm long) hairs; the cut is less than 1 mm. Seeds numerous, 0.8 - 1 mm wide, flat, light brown, smooth.

Note. In the analysis of the complexes of traits it was found that regardless of the sympathy of the taxa of group V chamaedrys there are 3 types of hair: two "pure" - the individuals of V. orbelica, covered only with simple hairs; of V. krumovii - with glandular hairs, and a mixed glandular simple fibrous, found in diploid V. vindobonensis and tetraploid V. chamaedrys.

From:   „Флора на Република България”, том X, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов”, Б А Н, София, (1995)

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Veronica chamaedrys, the germander speedwell, bird's-eye speedwell, or cat's eyes,[1][2] is an herbaceous perennial species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae.


Veronica chamaedrys can grow to 50 cm (20 in) tall, but is frequently shorter, with stems that are hairy only along two opposite sides. The leaves are in opposite pairs, triangular and crenate, sessile or with short petioles. The flowers are deep blue with a zygomorphic (bilaterally-symmetrical) four-lobed corolla, 8–12 mm (0.3–0.5 in) wide. The capsules are wider than they are long.[3]:591
The blossoms of this plant wilt very quickly upon picking, which has given it the ironic name "Männertreu", or "men's faithfulness" in German.[4]
Veronica chamaedrys is a common, hardy turf weed when it invades turf and lawns. It creeps along the ground, spreading by sending down roots at the stem nodes. It is propagated both by seed and stem fragments. Leaves may defoliate in the summer and winter but the stems will grow again next season. Unlike at least five other common speedwell turf weeds, such as corn speedwell (Veronica arvensis),[5] the leaves are opposite both on the upper and lower parts of the plant.[6][7] See the Veronica for special weed control considerations.


This species is native to Europe and Asia west of the Ural Mountains.[8] It is found on other continents as an introduced species.


Veronica chamaedrys has been used in traditional Austrian herbal medicine internally (as tea) for disorders of the nervous system, respiratory tract, cardiovascular system, and metabolism.[9] In 18th century Britain, the plant had the reputation of being a cure for gout as well as being popular for making tea, the latter being so prevalent that the plant was nearly eradicated from London during the 18th century.[10]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Veronica chamaedrys L. is an accepted name

This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Veronica (family Plantaginaceae).

From: › tpl › record › kew-2453651

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Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - VII, fruitful: VII - IX.

References: „Флора на Република България”, том X, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов”, Б А Н, София, (1995), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, › tpl › record › kew-2453651

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in grassy, bushy and ruderalized places, along roads, on the outskirts of deciduous and coniferous forests and mountain meadows in lowlands and mountains. Widespread, from sea level to 2200 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe (excluding the southern parts of Spain), Central Asia (northeastern parts), southwestern Siberia, Japan-China region.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act -

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