Vicia hybrida L.
1870 (26). V. hybrida L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 737; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 801; Ball, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 135 — Хибридна глушина
Fam: Leguminose Juss. (Fabaceae)
Genus: Vicia L.
Species: Vicia hybrida L.
English Name: Hairy yellow vetch
Annual plants. Stem 20.0 - 80.0 centimeters high, ascending, remontant, from the base branching, polygonal, with longitudinal ribs 1.5 - 2.0 mm thick, fitting fiber to almost naked. Double cirrus leaves on top ending with simple or branched tendril. Leaflets 3 - 8 pairs of 0.5 mm long fibrous stalks, oblong, reverse ovate or ovoid, elliptical, cuneiform, on top blunt, short or almost bristlecone closely drills or elliptical, pointed tip, green on both sides long fiber, entire, 6.0 - 15.0 mm in length and 1.5 - 7.0 mm wide. Stipule 3.0 - 4.0 mm in length, uniform, ovoid, elliptical, dark round spot, entire, whole or in close lower triangular portion and upper ovoid share, short fiber to almost naked. Single blossoms, attached to the leaf axils along the stem length. Blossom handles up to 3.0 mm long, long fiber. Calyx 8.0 - 10.0 mm in length, pipe-bell-shaped at the base asymmetrically swollen, long fiber by mid bilabial; styliform linear teeth, unequal to each other, the upper substantially shorter than the tube, the lower shorter equal to the tube. Corolla 18.0 - 30.0 mm in length. Flag from 8.0 to 10.0 mm wide, elongated ovoid back on top incised in the middle gradually narrowed in a wide nail, during flowering hemmed up, longer than wings, yellow or purple tinge on the back of thick white fiber. Elliptical wings wide at the base with small elliptical appendage asymmetrically narrowed in thin long claws longer than the boat, yellow or yellow with violet hue, naked. Keel elliptical ovoid, at the base with thin long nails, yellow, naked. Beans 2.5 - 4.0 cm long and 8.0 - 10.0 mm wide, linear rhombic on top, tucked sharp, flattened, brown, fibrous, with 5 - 6 seeds. Seeds 5.0 - 7.0 mm diameter, lenticular spherical, dark brown with black spots, smooth; scar of 1/8 - 1/10 of the circumference of the seed.
Economic significance. Feed weed.
Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - V.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)
Distribution in Bulgaria: From the bushes and weed through the vineyards. Black sea coast (Sozopol), South-Pirin mountain (Kalimanci village, Sandanski), Eastern Rhodopes mountains (p. Slaveevo, Ivaylovgrad), from sea level up to about 500 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Southern Europe, Southwest Asia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Mediterranean.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: it is not - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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