Viola kitaibeliana Schult.

(32). V. kitaibliana Schult. in Roem. et Schult., Syst. Veget. V(1819) 583; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 517; Valent., Merkm. et A. Schmidt, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 281; V. tricolor var. kitaibeliana (Schult.) Boiss., Fl. Or. I (1867) 466; V. tricolor var. tenella Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rum Byth I (1843) 237— Китайбелова теменуга

Fam:   Violaceae Batsch
Genus:   Viola L.
Species: Viola kitaibeliana Schult.
English Name: Dwarf violet


An annual plant. The root is thin, 4 - 8 cm long. Stem erect or raised, simple or branched, 3 - 20 cm high, at the lower part with short, sharp, dense, directed backwards hairs, usually naked upwards. Leaves dumb toothed, with rogh bristles at least on the petioles, edge and veins below; lower and middle rounded ovate to ovate, often shallowly herth-shaped at the base, 5 - 30 mm long and almost as wide, with petioles twice as long or equal to the leaf blades; upper oblong-elliptic or linear-lance, more densely bristly, 3 - 15 mm long, 2 - 6 mm wide, obtusely pointed at the apex, wedge-shaped narrowed at the base, with petiole 2 - 3 (4) times shorter than the leaf blade. Stipules glabrous or bristly at the edge; on the lower leaves usually entire, linearly spatulate; on the middle and upper palmately separated; the lateral sections 2 - 3 (5) external and 0 - 2 (3) internal - linear; the middle particle is large, similar to the corresponding leaf, toothed or entire, narrowed or rounded at the base, with a petiole 1 - 3 times shorter than the leaf blade. Flower petioles 2 - 12 cm long, short bristly to the middle, rarely glabrous, with bracts below the curve. Flowers 1 - 3 (5) per stem, single in leaf axils, rectangular or trapezoidal, 5 - 8 (13) mm high, 4 - 6 (8) mm wide, odorless. Sepals lance, glabrous, on the edge most often with forward ciliated hairs, with appendages 6 - 8 mm long and about 2 mm wide; appendages rectangular or rounded, 1.5 - 3.0 mm long. Petals pale yellow or whitish, rarely upper and lateral pale blue, concave in the calyx, shorter than it, oblong-ovate, upper 4 - 7 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide, spread back and sideways; lateral 5 - 8 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide, at the base with cilia directed to the upper (slightly overlapping them); lower together with the spur 8 - 10 (13) mm long, 3 - 5 (6) mm wide, at the base more intense yellow, with 3 - 5 dark purple veins, narrowed to 1.0 - 1.5 mm long, inside ciliated claw and 2 - 3 mm long, pale purple or white, equal to or slightly longer than the calyx appendages spur, Ovary naked; the style knee-shaped, elbow, curved, gradually extended from base to tip; the stigma entire, with a wide opening and a very short lower lip. The box is pale brown, broadly ovoid, 5 - 6 mm long and 4 - 5 mm wide, naked, on an upright or slightly deflected side petiole. Seeds yellow-brown, elliptical, 1.5 - 1.75 mm long, 0.75 - 1.0 mm wide; appendage short.

From:   „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979)

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Viola kitaibeliana, the dwarf violet, is a plant species in the genus Viola. It is native to a large area from the Canary Islands, across Europe, to northern Iran and southern Turkmenistan.[2]


Besides the nominate taxon, there are two other infraspecific taxa which are recognised in Plants of the World Online as of 2017:[2]


This herbaceous plant is not higher than 12 cm. Like all violets the flowers are zygomorphic.



  • Viola arvensis subsp. kitaibeliana (Schult.) Mateo & Figuerola
  • Viola brachyantha Stapf
  • Viola karakalensis Klokov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Viola kitaibeliana Schult. is an accepted name

Viola arvensis subsp. kitaibeliana (Schult.) Mateo & Figuerola


From:   Viola kitaibeliana Schult. — The Plant List › tpl1.1 › record › kew-2460597

M Viola kitaibeliana Schult. is an accepted name. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Viola (family Violaceae). The record derives from ...

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Flowering Time: Blooms: III - VI, fruiting :. -VII.

References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, › tpl1.1 › record › kew-2460597

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in grassy desolate, pastures, dry meadows, fields, in the plains and the lower mountain belt. Widespread, from sea level to 1200 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Central and Southern Europe (probably transferred to Sweden), Southwest Asia (Asia Minor).

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act -


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