Viola reichenbachiana Jord. ex Boreau
2073 (10). V. reichenbachiana Jord. ex Boreau, Fl. Centr. Fr. ed. 3, II (1857) 78; Valent. Merxm. et A. Schmidt, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 274; V.sylvestris Lam., Fl. Fr. II (1778) 680, p.p. Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 506; Стоян. Стеф. Китан.,Фл. Бълг. изд. 4, II (1967) 734; V. sylvestris auct. Reichenb., Pl. Crit. Cent. I (1823) 80; W. Becker in Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, II (1925) 769; V. canina L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 935 p.p., sensu Ging., non L„ Fl. Suec. ed. 2 (1755) 305; V. sylvatica auct. Fries ex Hartm. f., in Bot. Notis. (1841) 81 — Райхенбахова теменуга
Fam: Violaceae Batsch
Genus: Viola L.
Species: Viola reichenbachiana Jord. ex Boreau
English Name: Early dog-violet, Pale wood violet
Perennial plant. Rhizome branched, with a rosette of 2 to 5 leaves and 1 - 15 naked, raised, rarely erect, 5 - 20 cm, and in fruiting up to 40 cm tall stems. Leaves with petioles, dark green, often anthocyanin-colored below, rounded ovate, broadly heart-shaped to ovate- heart-shaped, glabrous or with short, sparse hairs, heart-shaped at the base, small dumb toothed, narrowed from the middle upwards with a straight or slightly convex edge at a sharp top; rosette obtuse or slightly pointed, 2.5 - 7.0 cm long, 2.2 - 6.0 cm wide, with 3 - 10 cm long petioles; stems pointed, 2 - 6 cm long, 1.5 - 4.5 cm wide with 0.6 - 2.0 cm long petioles. Stipules styliform pointed, with brown eyelashes longer than their width; on the rosette leaves brown, narrowly lance to linearly lance, fused to the middle with the leaf petiole, 11 - 15 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide; on the stem leaves free, brownish green to green, linear lance or linear, 7 - 11 mm long, 1.0 - 1.8 mm wide. Flower petioles 5 - 12 cm long, with bracts in the upper third. Flowers 1 - 5 in the axils of the stem leaves, trapezoidal or triangular, 15 - 22 mm high, 13 - 16 mm wide, odorless. Sepals narrow lance, pointed, together with appendages 5 - 7 mm long, 1.0 - 1.5 (2.0) mm wide; appendages barely noticeable, up to 1 mm long. Petals red-violet or pale violet, lighter at the base, oblong-ovate, do not overlap; upper 8 - 13 mm long, 3 - 5 mm wide, strong curved backwards and upwards; lateral slightly shorter and narrower, directed downwards and spreading to the side, often curved along the longitudinal axis, at the base with long lashes; the lower spoon-shaped, together with the spur 15 - 20 mm long, 5 - 7 mm wide, with 5 - 7 (9) darker veins, shallow incised or cut off; spur 5 - 7 mm long, 6 - 7 times longer than the appendages of the calyx, red-violet, straight, narrowed towards the tip, most often directed horizontally. The ovary naked; the style almost straight, gradual dilated, with cilia at the apex; stigma entire, short straight beak. The box is oblong-ovate, 10 - 13 mm long, 5 - 7 mm wide, naked, indistinctly three-walled, brown. Seeds dark brown, ovoid, 1.6 - 2.0 mm long and about 1 mm wide; appendage well developed.
From: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979)
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Viola reichenbachiana, the early dog-violet, or pale wood violet is a flowering plant in the violet family Violaceae.
This species hybridises with Viola riviniana, the common dog-violet, to produce Viola × bavarica Schrank 1789.:334
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - VI, fruitful: VI - VIII.
References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in forests and bushes, in the plains and mountains. Widespread, from 100 to 2000 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe, Southwest and Central Asia, Southern Siberia, Japan-China region.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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